PERIODONTAL (GUM) DISEASE
Warning Signs Of Periodontal Disease
- When gums bleed during brushing
- Swollen, red or tender gums
- Longer teeth
- Pus appears when pressing the gums
- Loose teeth
- Change is position of teeth
- Change in the way your teeth fit when you bite
- Bad breath or bad taste
What Is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease starts by a bacterial infection that destroys the gums, bone and ligaments supporting the teeth. Periodontal disease progresses silently, often without pain or symptoms. It may develop slowly or progress rapidly.Nine out of ten people are afflicted with some form of periodontal disease in their lifetime. Periodontal disease affects more than half the population over 18 years of age. After 35, approximately three out of four adults develop some form of gum disease.
Diagnosis Of Periodontal Disease
During checkup, the periodontist uses an instrument called a periodontal probe. This determines if there is any breakdown in the attachment of the gums to the teeth, or early development of pockets between the teeth and gums. The depth of the pockets is measured in millimeters with the periodontal probe. Up to three millimeters is considered normal.. deeper than three millimeters indicates a potential problem. X-rays are taken if there is concern over possible bone destruction.